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Policy Papers


T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford and Michael Stern, Fair Use in the Digital Age, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 51 (September 2016).
[pdf] [press release]

George S. Ford, How (and How Not) to Measure Market Power Over Business Data Services, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 50 (September 2016).
[pdf] [press release]

T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford, Lawrence J. Spiwak, and Michael Stern, Eroding the Rule of Law: Regulation as Cooperative Bargaining at the FCC, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 49 (October 2015).
[pdf] [press release]

T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford, and Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Price Effects of Intra-Brand Competition in the Automobile Industry: An Econometric Analysis, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 48 (March 2015).
[pdf] [press release pdf] [press release url]

T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford, Lawrence J. Spiwak, and Michael Stern, An Economic Framework for Retransmission Consent, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 47 (December 2013).
[pdf] [press release]

T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford, Lawrence J. Spiwak, and Michael Stern, Market Mechanisms and the Efficient Use and Management of Scarce Spectrum Resources, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 46 (December 2013).
[pdf] [press release]

George S. Ford and Lawrence J. Spiwak, Lessons Learned from the U.S. Unbundling Experience, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 45 (June 2013).
[pdf] [press release]

T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford, Lawrence J. Spiwak, and Michael Stern, Taxation by Condition: Spectrum Repurposing at the FCC and the Prolonging of Spectrum Exhaust, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 44 (September 2012).
[pdf] [press release]

T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford, Lawrence J. Spiwak and Michael Stern, Wireless Competition Under Spectrum Exhaust, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 43 (February 2012).
[pdf] [press release]

T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford, Lawrence J. Spiwak and Michael Stern, A Policy Framework for Spectrum Allocation in Mobile Communications, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 42 (March 2011).
[pdf] [Press Release]

T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford, Lawrence J. Spiwak, and Michael Stern, Wobbling Back to the Fire:  Economic Efficiency and the Creation of a Retail Market for Set-Top Boxes, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 41 (December 2010).
[pdf] [Press Release]

George S. Ford and Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Broadband Credibility Gap, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 40
(June 2010).
[pdf] [Press Release]

T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford and Richard P. Saba, Internet Use and Job Search, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 39
(January 2010).
[pdf] [Press Release]

George S. Ford and Sherry G. Ford, Internet Use and Depression Among the Elderly, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 38
(October 2009).
[pdf file] [Press Release]

T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford and Lawrence J. Spiwak, Market Definition and the Economic Effects of Special Access Price Regulation, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 37 (October 2009).
[pdf file] [Press Release]

T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford and Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Broadband Adoption Index: Improving Measurements and Comparisons of Broadband Deployment and Adoption, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 36 (July 2009).
[pdf file]
BAI Executive Summary [pdf file]

George S. Ford and Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Need for Better Analysis of High Capacity Services,
PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 35 (June 2009).
[pdf]

George S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Pricing of Pole Attachments: Implications and Recommendations, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 34 (December 2008).
[pdf]

George S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Broadband Efficiency Index: What Really Drives Broadband Adoption Across the OECD? PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 33 (May 2008).
[pdf]

George S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Welfare Impacts of Broadband Network Management: Can Broadband Service Providers be Trusted? PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 32 (March 2008).
[pdf]  [docx]

George S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Demographic and Economic Drivers of Broadband Adoption in the United States, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 31 (November 2007).
[pdf]  [doc]

George S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak, Quantifying the Cost of Substandard Patents: Some Preliminary Evidence, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 30 (September 2007).
File Type Doc PDF

George S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Broadband Performance Index: A Policy-Relevant Method of Comparing Broadband Adoption Among Countries, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 29 (July 2007).
File Type Doc PDF

George S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak, Network Neutrality and Foreclosing Market Exchange: A Transaction Cost Analysis, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 28 (March 2007)
File Type Doc PDF

George S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak, Tort Liability for Software Developers: A Law & Economics Perspective, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 27 (January 2007)
File Type Doc PDF

George S. Ford, An Investigation into the Influence of Retail Gas Prices on Oil Company Profits, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 26 (August 2006).
File Type Doc PDF

George S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Burden of Network Neutrality Mandates on Rural Broadband Deployment, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 25 (July 2006).
File Type Doc PDF

George S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak, Network Neutrality and Industry Structure, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 24 (April 2006).
File Type Doc PDF

Phoenix Center Policy Paper No. 23 Addendum: Franchising and the Digital Divide: The New Jersey Experience, Presented as Testimony of Lawrence J. Spiwak before the Telecommunications Committee, New Jersey House of Delegates (23 February 2006).
File Type  Doc  PDF

George S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Impact of Video Service Regulation on the Construction of Broadband Networks to Low-Income Households, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 23 (September 2005).
File Type Doc PDF

George S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Consumer Welfare Cost of Cable “Build-out” Rules, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 22 (Third Release, January 2007).
File Type Doc PDF

George S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak, Competition After Unbundling: Entry, Industry Structure and Convergence, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER No. 21 (July 2005).
File Type Doc PDF

T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford and Lawrence J. Spiwak, Quantity-Discount Contracts as a Barrier to Entry, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 20 (November 2004).
File Type Doc PDF

George S. Ford and Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Positive Effects of Unbundling on Broadband Deployment, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 19 (September 2004).
File Type Doc PDF

George Ford and Lawrence J. Spiwak, Set It and Forget It? Market Power and the Consequences of Premature Deregulation in Telecommunications Markets, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 18 (July 2003); and reprinted in 3 NYU JOURNAL OF LAW AND BUSINESS 675 (2005).
File Type Doc PDF

T. Randolph Beard and Christopher C. Klein, Bell Companies as Profitable Wholesale Firms: The Financial Implications of UNE-P, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 17 (November 2002).
File Type  Doc PDF

T. Randolph Beard and George S. Ford, What Determines Wholesale Prices for Network Elements in Telephony? An Econometric Evaluation, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 16 (September 2002).
File Type  Doc PDF

George S. Ford, A Fox in the Hen House: An Evaluation of Bell Company Proposals to Eliminate their Monopoly Position in Local Telecommunications Markets, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 15 (September 2002).
File Type  Doc PDF

T. Randolph Beard and George S. Ford, Make or Buy? Unbundled Elements as Substitutes for Competitive Facilities in the Local Exchange Network, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 14 (September 2002).
File Type  Doc PDF

Lawrence J. Spiwak, The Telecoms Twilight Zone: Navigating the Legal Morass Among the Supreme Court, the D.C. Circuit, and the Federal
Communications Commission
, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 13 (August 2002).
File Type  Doc PDF

T. Randolph Beard, George S. Ford and Lawrence J. Spiwak, Why ADCo? Why Now? An Economic Exploration into the Future Industry Structure for the "Last Mile" in Local Telecommunications Markets, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 12 (November 2001); reprinted in 54 Fed. Com. L. J. 421 (May 2002) (http://www.law.indiana.edu/fclj/pubs/v54/no3/spiwak.pdf)
File Type  Doc PDF

George S. Ford, An Economic Analysis of the FCC’s Notice of Inquiry on Flat Rate Charges in the Long Distance Industry, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 11 (May 2001).
File Type  Doc PDF

Jerry B. Duvall and George S. Ford, Changing Industry Structure: The Economics of Entry and Price Competition, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 10 (April 2001).
File Type  Doc PDF

Lucien Rapp, Dirty Dancing: System and Legal Practices with Regard to Rights-of-Way (RoWs) in a Sampling of European Union Member States – A Critical Study, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 9 (April 2001).
File Type  Doc PDF

Lawrence J. Spiwak, eEurope Means Nothing Without eEntry: Regulatory Harmonisation, Subsidiarity and the Realisation of the Information Society, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 8 (October 2000).
File Type  Doc PDF

George S. Ford, Flow-Through and Competition in the International Message Telephone Service Market, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 7 (September 2000)
File Type Doc PDF

Lawrence J. Spiwak, Do the FCC Policies Promote or Deter Entry? That is the ONLY Question, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 6 (October 1999).
File Type Doc PDF

Mark Naftel, Does the European Commission's Telecommunications Access Notice Send the Correct Economic Signals to the Market?, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 5 (January 1999).
File Type Doc PDF

Lawrence J. Spiwak, You Say ISO, I Say Transco, Let's Call the Whole Thing Off: Why Current Electric Utility 'Unbundling' Initiatives Work Without Fundamental Change, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 4 (January 1999).
File Type Doc PDF
Updated Data as of 1 January 2001: Excel PDF


Lawrence J. Spiwak, FERC Merger Analysis Post-Order No. 888: Where do we go From Here?, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 3 (August 1998).
File Type Doc PDF

Lawrence J. Spiwak, Reconcentration of Telecommunications Markets After the 1996 Act: Implications for Long-Term Market Performance (Second Edition), PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 2 (July 1998).
File Type Doc PDF

Lawrence J. Spiwak, Utility Entry Into Telecommunications: Exactly How Serious Are We?, PHOENIX CENTER POLICY PAPER NO. 1 (July 1998).
File Type Doc PDF

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